These models show a variety of programs that we want to accomplish in our teams design:
- Hinging sections open up the otherwise tight space of the shipping container to allow in a lot of sunlight and to give adequate ventilation. It opens the containers up to the view of surrounding gardens and fellow containers that are in the same community.
- Angled sections of the roof are the surfaces that will collect rainwater, which will then run down the sides of the container and be collected in multiple “pools”. Coming from the pools are “Swales” or lower areas of land dug in order to disperse water throughout the gardens.
- Transitioning from interior to exterior spaces
- Creating a network of containers that all work together to grow food and gardens for their community. How can their living spaces help them in accomplishing this?
In this drawing I was working on discovering ways that each community could work together to form a successful system of growing plants in their existing ecosystem.
Establishing a balanced system by maintaining a good pest to predator ratio:
- Attractant crops
- Fragrant crops
- Trap crops (specifically for pests)
Fragrant plants- when intermixed with vulnerable crops can confuse pests and prevent large infestations.
Rotating Crops- Planting crops in a different location every year can make it harder for pests to locate them.
Plants that survive a pest infestation often come back stronger than ever.
AGROFORESTRY- integrating trees and shrubs with crops and livestock to produce interactive benefits. Creating a more diverse, productive, profitable, healthy and sustainable landscape.
In this Sketch-up drawing I was discovering ways to combine living space with plant life. How can the plants shape the skin of the container? How can we control the amount of sunlight the plants are receiving? Rows of trees seen behind the containers are “windbreaks”. They create a suitable micro-climate (warmer in winter & cooler in summer) for more delicate fruit trees and protect them from wind damage.
Some types of trees to use for successful windbreaks:
- Golden Currents
- Honey Locusts
Our goal is to create Food Forests for the Lakota by working with nature to produce stable ecosystems, while generating food for the Pine Ridge Community. These forests help create more mild temperatures, windbreaks, erosion control, and they help capture water.
The people of Pine Ridge will be grouped in a variety of locations across the reservation; however they will still be working together so that each group gets the advantages of each location. This will allow them to grow a wide variety of plant types, by growing what will be most successful in their region. Their housing containers will be designed to provide them with the necessities to care for and grow their plants.
Choosing locations for our food forests & planting grounds: Where can we find healthy/balanced soils?
Below are soil maps for 4 different locations on the Pine Ridge Reservation
In these models sections of each container peel back, join and intertwine together to form a mutual greenhouse. Each container has a tilted roof to help capture water from rain and snow and add additional space as well.
(The container models could be manipulated more to create more space and creativity with the shape…. These were real quick models!)
This model shows ideas we developed as a group – garden beds (blue) and spinning garden panels (yellow). The garden beds would also be used as bunk beds inside the container so that the residents will have more space to move about. I like the idea of the spinning garden panels because I think it is important that the residents be able to see their involvement with the growing process of the plants.
The first image: slicing the skin. Developing a floor plan. The white cards represent sliding panels for the plants to grow on. The reason they slide in and out is for protection for the plants from the harsh weather conditions.
The second image and third image are similar: the peeling of the container skin. Maybe the skin peels up according to where the sun is in the sky and reveals the plants that are growing under it. And at night they go back to normal. This idea reminded me of Jean Nouvel’s Arab World Institute and how the windows open and close like a camera. Very interesting.
These diagrams are based from my wooden models and verbs.
To Preserve: the red lines show how I chiseled the wooden model to represent the skin pealing up off the shipping container. I was thinking that the skin would peal up during the day to reveal the plants.
To Score: the red lines show how I cut the piece of wood. My vision is to have sliding partitions in some of the slits for plants to grow on.
To Flex: the red lines show how I chiseled the wood. I liked how the “skin” flexed up and left space for plants to grow.
To Strengthen: the red line indicates how the piece of wood was cut. I just found the cut line extremely interesting. It reminded me of the ground plane.
To Become: I was thinking a lot about the ground plane. The organic red lines indicate the ground plane. The other red lines are voids or additions to the container.
To Enmesh: the redlines show how pieces fit togethers. I was thinking about how the container enmeshes within itself and intertwines the space.
To Break: the red lines indicate how the pieces came out of the wood when I chiseled it.
How can the container be manipulated in order to allow sunlight in during different times of the day?
Sections of the container could rotate on hinges in order to let sunlight from different directions. At night or during the cold winter months sections can be closed.
“Trailing” plants will will travel and grow across the sections of mesh material, which remain stationary; The solid sections are movable.
Incorporating mesh with the solid metal pieces gives the container a more organic feel.
This model also follows the idea of creating additional space by pulling the container apart and incorporating a design that reflects important aspects of the American Indian culture. The center piece represents the medicine wheel and the circle of life which are emphasized by additional circular patterns in the model.