Skip to content

Bodor et al – The Association between Obesity and Urban Food Environments

Bodor, J. Nicholas et al. “The Association between Obesity and Urban Food Environments.” Journal of Urban Health 87, no. 5 (September 2010): 771-781.

This study set out to prove how having a supermarket in a zip code is inversely related to weight. The more supermarkets close by, the less likely someone is to be obese. On the other hand, an opposite result occurred from the presence of convenience stores. The more convenience stores around, the higher likelihood someone will be obese. Proximity to supermarkets and convenience stores is known as food access. The focal area of the study is New Orleans, Louisiana; it notes that not much research has been done on the urban south. This is surprising because it has the highest rate of obesity in America. Random digit dial method was used to obtain data. One person was selected from each household to be interviewed. They defined food establishments as restaurants, fast food restaurants, convenience stores, and supermarkets based on different criteria. All of the food stores, or restaurants that were in 2 km (taking into account several types of transportation) of each individual were counted in order to obtain results. Also taken into account were gender, race, ethnicity, age, education, physical activity and poverty level. The majority of participants were African American females well below the poverty level. Those that were older with less education had the largest rate of obesity. The research proved the hypothesis correct, weight was inversely related to the more supermarkets that were close by. The authors that worked on this piece are adding to the research of people in their environment and how their food intake and habits are affected. J Nicholas Bodor and Donald Rose professors at Tulane University and have many publications regarding this specific topic. Their work in Public Health Nutrition is widely used by their colleagues in other texts in this area of study. They have also been published multiple times in The Journal of Urban Health.

No comments yet

Leave a Reply

You must be logged in to post a comment.