The scholarship on lynching spans several disciplines, including history, sociology, criminology, religion, art and many others. This is just a short list of academic articles and books that examine lynching in the US South.


Allen, James. 2010. Without Sanctuary: Lynching Photography in America. Santa Fe, NM: Twin Palms.
Apel, Dora. 2004. Imagery of Lynching: Black Men, White Women, and the Mob. New Brunswick: Rutgers University Press.
Bailey, Amy Kate, and Stewart E. Tolnay. 2015. Lynched: The Victims of Southern Mob Violence. Chapel Hill NC: UNC Press Books.
Beck, E. M. and Stewart Tolnay. 1990. “The Killing Fields of the Deep South: The Market for Cotton and the Lynching of Blacks, 1882-1930.” American Sociological Review 55:526-539.
Beck, E. M., Tolnay, Stewart, and Bailey, Amy. 2016. “Contested Terrain: The State versus Threatened Lynch Mob Violence.” American Journal of Sociology, 121(6): 1856-1884.
Berg, Manfred. 2015. Popular Justice: A History of Lynching in America. Lanham, MD: Rowman & Littlefield.
Brundage, Fitzhugh. 1991 “‘To Howl Loudly’: John Mitchell. Jr., and His Campaign against Lynching in Virginia.” Canadian Review of American Studies, 22(3), 325-342.
Brundage, Fitzhugh. 1993. Lynching in the New South: Georgia and Virginia, 1880-1930. Urbana, Ill.: University of Illinois Press.
Brundage, Fitzhugh. 1997. (ed.) Under Sentence of Death. Lynching in the South. Chapel Hill, NC: The University of North Carolina Press.
Carrigan, William D. 2004. The Making of a Lynching Culture. Violence and Vigilantism in Central Texas, 1836-1916. Urbana, Ill.: University of Illinois Press.
Cutler, James Elbert. 1905. Lynch-Law: An Investigation into the History of Lynching in the United States. New York: Longmans, Green, and Co.
Dray, Philip. 2003. At the Hands of Persons Unknown: The Lynching of Black America. New York: Modern Library.
Markovitz, Jonathan. 2004. Legacies of Lynching: Racial Violence and Memory. Minneapolis: University of Minnesota Press.
Pfeifer, Michael. 2004. Rough Justice: Lynching and American Society, 1874-1947. Chicago: University of Illinois Press.
Raper, Arthur F. 2003[1933]. The Tragedy of Lynching. Mineola, NY: Dover.
Tolnay, Stewart and E.M. Beck. 1990. Festival of Violence. Chicago: University of Illinois Press.
Waldrep, Christopher. 2002. The Many Faces of Judge Lynch: Extralegal Violence and Punishment in America. New York: Palgrave Macmillan.
Wells, Ida B. 1997. Southern Horrors and Other Writings. The Anti-Lynching Campaign of Ida B. Wells, 1892-1900. Edited with an Introduction by Jacqueline Jones Royster. Boston: Bedford/St. Martin’s.
Wood, Amy Louise. 2009. Lynching and Spectacle. Witnessing Racial Violence in America, 1890-1940. Chapel Hill, NC: The University of North Carolina Press.